Higher Education in Jordan
The sector of higher education in Jordan plays a key remarkable role in the process of comprehensive development at various levels and areas. That is, during the last ten years, higher education in Jordan witnessed a significant progress in terms of the diversity of study programs, patterns of teaching and learning that control both the quality and quantity and expansion of higher education institutions.
During the last two decades, the sector of higher education in Jordan witnessed a prominent development as well as progress evidenced by the increasing number of institutions of higher education, enrolled students, faculty members, administrative and academic members; size of expenditures and the financial government support to this significant educational sector.
The number of public universities as a result has reached (10), besides (17) universities that are private, and (51) community colleges, this is in addition to the World Islamic Sciences and Education University. This progress in numbers of universities accompanied by significant increase in number of students enrolled to study in these universities, where the number of enrolled students in both public and private universities is estimated at nearly (236) thousand; (28) thousand out of the total are from Arab or foreign nationalities. Thus, the pride created by this development as well as progress puts us face-to-face with various challenges, the thing which leads us to pay more efforts in order to overcome the difficulties and obstacles stand before us, to realize a balance between the spread of higher education and its establishment from one side, and its level and quality from the other.
As a result of the development that occurred in this sector and in order to maintain the quality of higher education, the next phase required a reconsideration of the law that governs public and private universities as well as the higher education.
The key performance indicators of the strategy of higher education appear clearly through: percentages of (1) males and female's enrollment into regular admission programs and parallel programs; (2) the steady increase in faculty members; (3) financial government support for institutions of higher education; (4) turnout for expansion of private universities (private sector) that aims to participate in shouldering the burden and responsibilities of education with the public sector; (5) the Higher Education Accreditation Commission that supervises on quality assurance at both public and private institutions of higher education to be consistent with the international standards; (6) updating libraries of universities and linking all institutions of higher education to the electronic periodicals and universities networks; (7) the Scientific Research Support Fund that finances projects with national priorities, offering grants for outstanding graduates, granting the outstanding research prize, the outstanding researcher prize and the outstanding student prize; (8) and finally accrediting the TOEFL certificate as an admission certificate for joining master and PhD programs.
Moreover, the ministry worked on bridging the gap between higher education output and labor market in order to respond to the present and future needs of qualified and specialized cadres in various areas of knowledge; and to compensate for the lack of natural resources in the region by creating a qualified human resources fortified by knowledge and efficiency.